Termite’s life cycle doesn’t really differ a lot from any other insect. It begins with hatching, entering the nymph stage all the way up to adult stage. During this process the termite will change its shape and abilities significantly, as it’s all a necessary progress for the termite to become completely operational and able to assist the community. The termite larvae are hatched within a few weeks, being about the same size as the egg from which they hatched out of. Quickly after that, these are ready to begin their life as termites. We know of several different communities inside the termite nest – there is the queen and the king, who are responsible for the reproduction and repopulation of the nest, then we have the workers which are building and taking care of the nest and baby termites and there are warriors. Warriors have a significantly larger head which allows them to be capable of defending the nest against larger pests.
Termites are known to be an excellent source of food and protein for a variety of other animals so such a configuration of the community is definitely logical.
Unfortunately, we usually think of termites in a negative context as these insects are responsible for millions of dollars in damages done to the homes all around US. Termites feed off dead wood and they have an important role of cleaning the forest’s soil from dead fallen trees, which are obstructing the soil and new plants from growing.
Your house is obviously made out of dead, processed wood so termites automatically go after it when it’s nearby. You can use this principle to create a termite trap which will be used to distract attention of termites from your home to a box on the side of the lawn. You can use cardboard or paper for this. Some people don’t poison the termites yet they keep replenishing the cardboard and paper stock. However, it is inevitable that the swarm which is feeding on that trap will eventually grow and keep on growing, thus posing a more significant threat to your home, whichever way you turn it around.
Because of this, it’s recommended to use a slow acting substance which will then kill the termite nests in a slow and gradual manner. The benefit of this is that it can be spread amongst the termites themselves, ensuring that all of the termites belonging to that specific nest are terminated. This process can take up to a couple of weeks depending on the size of the nest – once the substance reaches the queen you can consider the termite nest to be terminated as there is no way for it to be repopulated.
You can also use physical protection which will repel termites away from your house. Thick metal meshes are installed into the soil around the house and these have proven to be quite a successful passive method of termite infestation prevention.